A saffron seed germination requires about 24-30 days, or about 3-5 times normal time for an immature saffron seed. After germination, the seed will start to form a brown, toenail-like, spherical, papery skin, on which the seeds will be housed. After about two weeks, a small opening will appear on the surface of the seed, that is, the end of the papery skin to get out. It will continue to grow for another seven to ten days. The stem of a mature saffron will develop into a cluster about 5 mm long, and will bear four lobes of fine leaves, each of about 0.5 mm. After the first four weeks, the leaves will begin to turn yellow and turn brown. Around 4 weeks after germination, the stems will start to curl up to 3 cm long. This time period is followed by up to three to four weeks of growth and maturity. As the saffron shrinks, it will change its color. As an example, the mature saffron shrinks in color to orange, yellow and brown.
What is the temperature during the germination stage?
There isn’t an official temperature in a saffron flower. In this stage, heat of the flower is minimal. However, the flower tends to take on a saffron-like shade of dark orange to yellow color when at the proper temperature, typically during the last four to five weeks of growth, at about 80-85 °C.
How do you harvest a saffron flower?
This is pretty much the same as harvesting a saffron plant. Take the saffron, wash it between water changes, apply a small amount of heat (around 20°C), and allow it to dry for a day or two on the windowsill. You should find that your plant is dried and ready to add to the mix.
How is a saffron flower different from green saffron?
A saffron flower isn’t green at all. There is no yellow tinge to the flower, only the white color. This means that green saffron does not grow on saffron. There are two species that grow on saffron. One is known as “Euboea Saffronis” and the other “Saffronium Lissula,” and both have blue leaves. However, the color and quality of saffron are very
usa saffron, growing saffron in new england, growing saffron crocus in pots, how to harvest saffron, saffron bulbs for sale